The Beautiful Amazon Rainforest, also known as “The Amazon Jungle and Amazonia” is the largest in the world. Amazon is a tropical rainforest that covers the largest part of the Amazon Basin of South America. The total geographical area of the Amazon basin is 7 million square kilometers, of which 5.5 million square kilometers is covered by the Amazon Jungle. The rainforest covers about 40 percent of the total area of Brazil.
There are nine countries of South America surrounding this region of which Brazil contains 60 percent of the Amazon Rainforest – Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana comprising the remaining 40 percent. Amazon Rainforest covers more than half of the earth’s remaining rainforests. According to estimation, there are 390 billion different trees distributed into 16000 species. Apart from its size, the Amazon is also one of the most important forests for the planet’s climate. Amazon Jungle is home to thousands of animals and species.
History Of Amazon Rainforest
People believe that the name Amazon originated from a battle between the native tribes of the jungle and Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana. Francisco de Orellana fought with Tapuyas and other tribes of the jungle. Francisco was the first man to sail from one end to another end of the Amazon River. Francisco also found the city of Guayaquil, a city of Ecuador.
Some people believe that when Francisco de Orellana was traveling in boats with his men through Rio Napo. Along the way to the jungle, Indian warriors attacked him many times. Some Indian warriors were female and they looked like the Amazons of Greek, and that’s where the Amazon name came from.
Amazing Facts About Amazon
We all believe that Amazon is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. The Amazonia ecosystem is highly important for the well being of the planet because it plays a vital role in maintaining the earth’s climate.
Here are some interesting facts about Amazon
Amazon Rainforest is so huge that it covers more than 3 percent of the earth’s surface. It covers over 5.5 million square kilometer area circled by nine South American countries of which Brazil contains 60 percent of its total area. It is 1.7 times bigger than the world’s seventh-largest country India.
The Amazon River is the world’s second-largest river in the world after the Nile River in Africa. With more than 1000 tributaries the Amazon River is believed to be 6400 km long.
The Amazon Jungle has an estimated 390 million individual trees and it is home to about 40000 tree species.
One out of ten species on earth lives in the Amazon rainforest.
Amazon Rainforest contained over 140 billion metric tonnes of carbon. According to the United States, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a passenger vehicle emits 5 metric tons of carbon dioxide in a year. If we do the calculation we will know the importance of Amazon for the earth’s climate.
There are more than 400 local tribes that live in the Amazon rainforest. Some people believed that many of these tribes never came into contact with the outside world.
Amazon tree branches and leaves are very thick that, when it rains, it takes a few minutes for water drops to reach the soil.
Its floor is so dense, that only 1 % of light makes it through the canopy of trees.
Amazon is known as the lung of the earth because more than 20 percent of the world’s oxygen comes from here.
The Amazon river delivers 3000 million gallons of water into the Atlantic ocean every minute.
Amazonia is bigger than the eight largest countries in the world. If we say Amazon is a country. Then it is the 9th largest country in the world.
Some experts say, 3 percent increase in the temperature of Amazon can destroy more than 70 percent of the forest.
There is an amazing connection between “The Amazon Rainforest – largest rainforest in the word” and The Sahara Desert in Africa. Strong winds sweep up sand from the Sahara, carry it over the Atlantic Ocean, and drop it in the Amazon Jungle. These dust provide the local plants with essential minerals and help the jungle blossom.
Amazon Rainforest Home To Thousand Of Species
Amazon Rainforest is home to thousands of species including– mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds. Its biodiversity is astounding–Amazon Jungle is one of the world’s biggest and most biodiverse repositories of plant and animal life — Over 30 percent of the world’s species live in this forest. It is the richest terrestrial ecosystem on the earth.
The most popular species of Amazon are — Jaguar, Amazon River Dolphin, Giant Anteater, capybara, Giant River Otter, Giant Armadillo, Ocelot, pygmy marmoset, squirrel monkey, puma, South American tapir, Green Iguana, Golden Lion Tamarin, Kinkajou, Sloth, Spectacled Owl, Toco Toucan, Hyacinth Macaw, Hoatzin, King Vulture, Harpy Eagle, Orpendolas Caciques, Green Anaconda, Poison Dart Frog, South American river turtle, Black Caiman, Glass Frog, Jesus Lizard.
Amazonia And Global Warming
The Amazon Rainforest has long been the storehouse of ecological services for the entire world and referred to as the “lungs of the earth,”. Amazon is one of the world’s most important carbon banks, its trees absorb carbon dioxide and release out oxygen into the atmosphere. Amazon absorbs an equal volume of carbon as ten years of world fossil fuel emissions in its trees.
But, all the living things in the world, including trees, need to breathe out CO2 as well. It’s good to consider the rainforests as a restraint that prevents global warming. Trees have concealed characteristics that perform a pivotal part in decreasing pollutant levels. Millions of trees that make up the rainforest, absorb carbon dioxide to produce food through photosynthesis. The food is normally collected in the form of glucose, which is a carbon-rich sugar. So, the rainforest acts as a carbon repository, and carbon contained inside the trees isn’t adding to the greenhouse effect and warming the planet as a greenhouse gas.
But as jungles burning up and global warming worsens, the result of Amazon deforestation resumes to constantly destroy the weak ecological processes that have been cultivated over millions of years. Every passing year, thousands of trees of rainforest are cut down, to fulfill the requirement of local tribes, releasing global warming pollution in the form of carbon dioxide and methane
Over the last 150 years, people have been pumping huge sums of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels – this is the main
So, without the rainforest, global warming would likely be even more noticeable.
We Need Amazon Rainforest
The Amazon rainforest performs a crucial character in improving the world’s oxygen and carbon cycles. It provides approximately 6 percent of the world’s oxygen and has long been considered to act as a carbon drain, showing it easily consumes huge volumes of CO2 from the environment.
Bur when trees are cut down and burned, that carbon is discharged into the air at a high rate. A new study has recommended that these jungles might actually release higher CO2 than they’re consuming.
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